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Making ecological indicators management ready: assessing the specificity, sensitivity, and threshold response of ecological indicators


Fu, C and Xu, Y and Bundy, A and Gruss, A and Coll, M and Heymans, JJ and Fulton, EA and Shannon, L and Halouani, G and Velez, L and Akoglu, E and Lynam, CP and Shin, Y-J, Making ecological indicators management ready: assessing the specificity, sensitivity, and threshold response of ecological indicators, Ecological Indicators, 105 pp. 16-28. ISSN 1470-160X (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.05.055


Moving toward ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) necessitates a suite of ecological indicators that are responsive to fishing pressure, capable of tracking changes in the state of marine ecosystems, and related to management objectives. In this study, we employed the gradient forest method to assess the performance of 14 key ecological indicators in terms of specificity, sensitivity and the detection of thresholds for EBFM across ten marine ecosystems using four modelling frameworks (Ecopath with Ecosim, OSMOSE, Atlantis, and a multi-species size-spectrum model). Across seven of the ten ecosystems, high specificity to fishing pressure was found for most of the 14 indicators. The indicators biomass to fisheries catch ratio (B/C), mean lifespan and trophic level of fish community were found to have wide utility for evaluating fishing impacts. The biomass indicators, which have been identified as Essential Ocean Variables by the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), had lower performance for evaluating fishing impacts, yet they were most sensitive to changes in primary productivity. The indicator B/C was most sensitive to low levels of fishing pressure with a generally consistent threshold response around 0.4*FMSY (fishing mortality rate at maximum sustainable yield) across nine of the ten ecosystems. Over 50% of the 14 indicators had threshold responses at, or below ∼0.6* FMSY for most ecosystems, indicating that these ecosystems would have already crossed a threshold for most indicators when fished at FMSY. This research provides useful insights on the performance of indicators, which contribute to facilitating the worldwide move toward EBFM.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ecological modelling, fishing pressure, gradient forest method, indictor performance, marine ecosystem, primary productivity
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Climate change impacts and adaptation
Research Field:Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Adaptation to climate change
Objective Field:Ecosystem adaptation to climate change
UTAS Author:Fulton, EA (Dr Elizabeth Fulton)
ID Code:134672
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2019-08-27
Last Modified:2020-01-29
Downloads:20 View Download Statistics

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