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The Knowledge Quartet: A “Fresh Lens” in the Analysis of Teachers’ Classroom Practice


Hay, I and Thomas, D and Shorter, D, The Knowledge Quartet: A 'Fresh Lens' in the Analysis of Teachers' Classroom Practice, Proceedings of Australian Teacher Education Association (ATEA) Conference, 3 - 5 July, Australia, pp. 1-3. (2019) [Conference Extract]

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A core task of Australian and New Zealand teacher education programs is the preparation of teachers who are able to effectively operate within a complex and dynamic set of student, context, content and pedagogical variables. Shulman’s (1987) seminal research has highlighted the importance of teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge and the analysis of teachers’ classroom practices. This paper outlines recent developments that have extended Shulman’s work and has the potential to provide a "fresh lens" in the analysis of teachers’ classroom practices. Developed by Rowland (i.e., Rowland, & Turner, 2007; Rowland et al., 2014) and called the Knowledge Quartet this model of classroom analysis has suggested that teachers’ content and pedagogical knowledge for teaching can be separated into four areas identified as: (1) foundation; (2) transformation; (3) connection; and (4) contingency. All four of these elements are in action in each lesson.

Teaching students typically requires the teachers to deal with a range of contingencies and so requires teachers to access their foundation knowledge of the subject and their teaching strategies; to transform their teaching strategies and their content knowledge to better accommodate the students; to form new connections with the content being taught and the students’ level of understanding; and to deal with the unexpected. Rowland’s teacher knowledge model supports the premise that teaching students is typically competency based. As illustrated below Australian teachers’ pedagogical practices can be analysed using the Knowledge Quartet model and this analysis can create a professional communication with and between teachers that has the potential to be more holistic and informative. This analysis uses a naturalistic, observational, case study methodology of teachers, teaching his/her regular lesson. The obtained video transcript data from these lessons were coded using the Knowledge Quartet criteria. The lesson reported on below was conducted using the Australian University social science and education ethical protocols.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:teachers, pedagogical content knowledge, English, Education
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Curriculum and pedagogy theory and development
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Teaching and curriculum
Objective Field:Pedagogy
UTAS Author:Hay, I (Professor Ian Hay)
UTAS Author:Thomas, D ( Thomas)
UTAS Author:Shorter, D (Mr David Shorter)
ID Code:134646
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP130103144)
Deposited By:Office of the Faculty of Education
Deposited On:2019-08-23
Last Modified:2019-08-26
Downloads:10 View Download Statistics

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