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Population‐scale treatment informs solutions for control of environmentally transmitted wildlife disease

Citation

Martin, AM and Richards, SA and Fraser, TA and Polkinghorne, A and Burridge, CP and Carver, S, Population‐scale treatment informs solutions for control of environmentally transmitted wildlife disease, Journal of Applied Ecology pp. 1-13. ISSN 0021-8901 (2019) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/1365-2664.13467

Abstract

  1. Long‐term pathogen control or eradication in wildlife is rare and represents a major challenge in conservation. Control is particularly difficult for environmentally transmitted pathogens, including some of the most conservation‐critical wildlife diseases.
  2. We undertook a treatment programme aimed at population‐scale eradication of the environmentally transmitted Sarcoptes scabiei mite (causative agent of sarcoptic mange) during an epizootic in bare‐nosed wombats (Vombatus ursinus). Field trial results were used to parameterize a mechanistic host‐disease model that explicitly described indirect transmission, host behaviour and viable disease intervention methods.
  3. Model analysis shows that elimination of S. scabiei in the wild is most sensitive to the success of treatment delivery, and duration of the programme. In addition, we found the frequency that wombats switch burrows was an important positive driver of mite persistence.
  4. Synthesis and applications. This research emphasizes the utility of applying model‐guided management techniques in order to achieve practical solutions for controlling disease in the field. We find that control efforts of Sarcoptes scabiei are most successful when simultaneous improvements are made to the current best‐practice protocol, specifically the implementation of better treatment application methods in combination with a longer lasting treatment. These suggested management changes may also reduce the resources and field effort required to implement a successful regime. Furthermore, our approach and findings have applicability to other species affected by S. scabiei (e.g. wolves, red foxes, Spanish ibex and American black bear), as well as other conservation‐critical systems involving environmental transmission (e.g. bat white‐nose syndrome and amphibian chytridiomycosis).

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:bare‐nosed wombat, disease transmission, environmental transmission, host‐disease modelling, Sarcoptes scabiei, sarcoptic mange, Vombatus ursinus, wildlife disease management
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Applications not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
UTAS Author:Martin, AM (Ms Alynn Martin)
UTAS Author:Richards, SA (Dr Shane Richards)
UTAS Author:Fraser, TA (Ms Tamieka Fraser)
UTAS Author:Burridge, CP (Associate Professor Christopher Burridge)
UTAS Author:Carver, S (Dr Scott Carver)
ID Code:134478
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Mathematics and Physics
Deposited On:2019-08-14
Last Modified:2019-08-15
Downloads:0

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