Venn, AJ and Guest, CS, Chronic morbidity of former prisoners of war and other Australian veterans, Medical Journal of Australia, 155, (10) pp. 705-712. ISSN 0025-729X (1991) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 1991 Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Official URL: https://www.mja.com.au/
Data Sources: The Medlars database, from 1966 to the present, under the terms military personnel, veterans, veterans' disability claims, combat disorders and prisoners (matched against war); databases of the Department of Veterans' Affairs (Victoria) and the Central Library, Commonwealth Department of Defence, using the term "prisoner of war"; and the microfiche listings of the Department of Veterans' Affairs, under "prisoner of war" and "repatriation". Only studies in English or French were reviewed, reaching a total of 172.
Study Selection: Forty-eight studies are considered in the present summary, presenting the most significant evidence about long-term morbidity attributable to war-time experiences. Studies concerning Australian veterans are emphasised.
Data Extraction: Studies considered valid were summarised for an annotated bibliography, but only reports of major public health significance are reviewed here.
Data Synthesis: The review confirms that strongyloidiasis, peptic ulcer, anxiety states, depression and hepatitis B are more prevalent in former prisoners of war than in relevant comparison groups. We have not identified further diagnoses that should be attributed specifically to war-time exposures. Attribution of long-term neurological and musculoskeletal disorders to war-time exposures remains uncertain.
Conclusions: Former prisoners of war and veterans constitute a population of survivors highly selected by the rigours of war and imprisonment. Occurrence of the five conditions listed above may be reasonably attributed to war-time exposure. We recommend further research on ageing (including neurological, visual, hearing and musculoskeletal disability), family disruption and rehabilitation strategies in these groups.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)|
|Objective Field:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||20|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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