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Self-efficacy and academic performance: a chicken-and-egg conundrum


Talsma, K and Norris, K and Schuz, B, Self-efficacy and academic performance: a chicken-and-egg conundrum, STARS Conference Proceedings, 7-10 July 2019, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1-10. (2019) [Refereed Conference Paper]

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Self-efficacy (SE) is widely viewed as critical to student success. Recent modelling shows that SE and academic performance (AP) are reciprocally related over time, with AP the primary antecedent (the AP→SE effect is stronger than the SE→AP effect). However, this research considered only studies measuring SE before AP at each wave of measurement ("SE-first" studies). Focusing on studies with the opposite measurement order ("AP-first" studies), we conducted a follow-up study exploring reciprocity and the comparative strength of directional effects in the relationship. A meta-analytic cross-lagged panel analysis of AP-first studies showed a reciprocal relationship, as found previously. However, the pattern of directional effects was opposite to that in SE-first studies: the SE→AP effect was stronger than the AP→SE effect. The feedback loop in the relationship means that the relative influence of the variables on each other depends on timing of measurement. This highlights the difference between "mastery-informed" and "mastery-na´ve" SE, with implications for the calibration of SE with AP.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:academic self-efficacy, academic performance, meta-analysis
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Educational psychology
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Talsma, K (Dr Kate Talsma)
UTAS Author:Norris, K (Professor Kimberley Norris)
UTAS Author:Schuz, B (Dr Benjamin Schuez)
ID Code:134230
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-08-01
Last Modified:2020-04-09
Downloads:132 View Download Statistics

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