Promoting mobility and healthy aging in men: a narrative review
Ebeling, PR and Cicuttini, F and Scott, D and Jones, G, Promoting mobility and healthy aging in men: a narrative review, Osteoporosis International, 30, (10) pp. 1911-1922. ISSN 0937-941X (2019) [Refereed Article]
Maintaining mobility is an important aspect of health and well-being in older men. This literature review describes several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors impacting bone, muscle, and joint health. Exercise and nutritional interventions may help to prevent the progressive deterioration in bones, muscles, and joints impacting mobility in later life. Limitations in mobility are increasingly recognized as a major public health problem due to an aging population and growing number of older individuals affected by disabling comorbidities. Despite increasing numbers and debilitating consequences, there are no guidelines providing recommendations on strategies to maintain mobility for healthy aging among older men. This narrative review aims to fill this literature gap. PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases were searched using predefined search terms. Primary studies, exploratory analyses, cross-sectional surveys, meta-analyses, evidence-based clinical reviews, and guidelines from nationally recognized societies focusing on mobility in older men and key elements including bone, muscle and joint health, and balance were selected. Several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors have been reported in the literature that impact bone, muscle, and joint health and predispose older men to falls and fractures. The most common conditions impacting bones, muscles, and joints are osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and osteoarthritis, respectively. In addition to being key contributors to disability in the elderly, these conditions are all associated with a higher mortality risk. Although more studies are required, current evidence supports the use of various nonpharmacological (mainly exercise and nutrition) and/or pharmacological treatment modalities to help prevent and/or reverse these conditions. Incorporating lifestyle interventions involving exercise and nutrition at a younger age can help prevent the age-related, progressive deterioration in bones, muscles, and joints that can reduce mobility in later life. Established barriers to physical activities (e.g., poor health, social isolation) in men are important to consider for optimizing outcomes.
aging, falls, male mobility, osteoporosis, sarcopenia