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Pyrogenic iron: the missing link to high iron solubility in aerosols

Citation

Ito, A and Myriokefalitakis, S and Kanakidou, M and Mahowald, NM and Scanza, RA and Hamilton, DS and Baker, AR and Jickells, T and Sarin, M and Bikkina, S and Gao, Y and Shelley, RU and Buck, CS and Landing, WM and Bowie, AR and Perron, MMG and Gulieu, C and Meskhidze, N and Johnson, MS and Feng, Y and Kok, JF and Nenes, A and Duce, RA, Pyrogenic iron: the missing link to high iron solubility in aerosols, Science Advances, 5, (5) Article eaau7671. ISSN 2375-2548 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau7671

Abstract

Atmospheric deposition is a source of potentially bioavailable iron (Fe) and thus can partially control biological productivity in large parts of the ocean. However, the explanation of observed high aerosol Fe solubility compared to that in soil particles is still controversial, as several hypotheses have been proposed to explain this observation. Here, a statistical analysis of aerosol Fe solubility estimated from four models and observations compiled from multiple field campaigns suggests that pyrogenic aerosols are the main sources of aerosols with high Fe solubility at low concentration. Additionally, we find that field data over the Southern Ocean display a much wider range in aerosol Fe solubility compared to the models, which indicate an underestimation of labile Fe concentrations by a factor of 15. These findings suggest that pyrogenic Fe-containing aerosols are important sources of atmospheric bioavailable Fe to the open ocean and crucial for predicting anthropogenic perturbations to marine productivity.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pyrogenic iron, solubility, aerosols
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
UTAS Author:Bowie, AR (Professor Andrew Bowie)
UTAS Author:Perron, MMG (Miss Morgane Perron)
ID Code:133882
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT130100037)
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2019-07-12
Last Modified:2019-10-15
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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