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Competitive fitness of a predominant pelagic calcifier impaired by ocean acidification

Citation

Riebesell, U and Bach, LT and Bellerby, RGJ and Monsalve, JRB and Boxhammer, T and Czerny, J and Larsen, A and Ludwig, A and Schulz, KG, Competitive fitness of a predominant pelagic calcifier impaired by ocean acidification, Nature Geoscience, 10 pp. 19-23. ISSN 1752-0894 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature

DOI: doi:10.1038/NGEO2854

Abstract

Coccolithophores—single-celled calcifying phytoplankton—are an important group of marine primary producers and the dominant builders of calcium carbonate globally. Coccolithophores form extensive blooms and increase the density and sinking speed of organic matter via calcium carbonate ballasting. Thereby, they play a key role in the marine carbon cycle. Coccolithophore physiological responses to experimental ocean acidification have ranged from moderate stimulation to substantial decline in growth and calcification rates, combined with enhanced malformation of their calcite platelets. Here we report on a mesocosm experiment conducted in a Norwegian fjord in which we exposed a natural plankton community to a wide range of CO2-induced ocean acidification, to test whether these physiological responses affect the ecological success of coccolithophore populations. Under high-CO2 treatments, Emiliania huxleyi, the most abundant and productive coccolithophore species, declined in population size during the pre-bloom period and lost the ability to form blooms. As a result, particle sinking velocities declined by up to 30% and sedimented organic matter was reduced by up to 25% relative to controls. There were also strong reductions in seawater concentrations of the climate-active compound dimethylsulfide in CO2-enriched mesocosms. We conclude that ocean acidification can lower calcifying phytoplankton productivity, potentially creating a positive feedback to the climate system.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:plankton, calcification, ocean acidification, biological carbon pump
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Biological Oceanography
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
UTAS Author:Bach, LT (Dr Lennart Bach)
ID Code:133657
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2019-07-05
Last Modified:2019-08-13
Downloads:0

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