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High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography imaging in the assessment of periarticular bone of metacarpophalangeal and wrist joints

Citation

Nagaraj, S and Finzel, S and Stok, KS and Barnabe, C, SPECTRA Collaboration, High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography imaging in the assessment of periarticular bone of metacarpophalangeal and wrist joints, Journal of Rheumatology, 43, (10) pp. 1921-1934. ISSN 0315-162X (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright 2016. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.3899/jrheum.160647

Abstract

Objective: To synthesize descriptions of periarticular findings at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and wrist joints in different types of arthritis and in the normal state imaged by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT); to assemble the literature reporting on the ability of HR-pQCT to detect findings relative to other imaging modalities; and to collate results on the reproducibility of image interpretation.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed using terms for HR-pQCT and MCP or wrist joints using medical literature databases and conference abstracts. Any study describing predefined pathology findings, comparison to another radiographic technique, or a measure of reproducibility was included with no limitation by disease state.

Results: We identified 44 studies meeting inclusion criteria from the 1901 articles identified by our search. All 44 reported on pathology findings, including erosions (n = 31), bone microarchitecture (n = 10) and bone mineral density (n = 10) variables, joint space evaluation (n = 7), or osteophyte characterization (n = 7). Seventeen of the studies compared HR-pQCT findings to either plain radiography (n = 9), ultrasound (n = 4), magnetic resonance imaging (n = 5), or microcomputed tomography (n = 2), with HR-pQCT having high sensitivity for erosion detection. Twenty-four studies included an assessment of reproducibility with good to excellent metrics, and highlighting the critical importance of positioning when assessing joint space variables.

Conclusion: Despite high sensitivity for erosion detection and good reproducibility, more research is required to determine where HR-pQCT can be applied to enhance our understanding of periarticular bone changes in a variety of arthritis conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:radiographic microtomography, wrist, metacarpophalangeal joint, arthritis, diagnostic imaging, joints
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Biomedical engineering
Research Field:Biomechanical engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Stok, KS (Dr Kathryn Stok)
ID Code:133629
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-07-04
Last Modified:2019-08-30
Downloads:0

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