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An economic analysis of medical and surgical management of aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve

Citation

Hardikar, A and Marwick, TH, An economic analysis of medical and surgical management of aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve, European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes pp. 1-8. ISSN 2058-5225 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/ehjqcco/qcz020

Abstract

Aims: To develop a cost-effectiveness model to address the outcome and economic implications of different thresholds for surgery in the management of aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve disease (ABAV).

Methods and Results: A model was created from the perspective of an Australian healthcare funding agency. The index case was a 65-year-old with BAV and ascending aorta diameter of 5.0 cm. Health states were defined as; preoperative with dilated aorta, postoperative without complications, post-complication and death. The mean and variance of risks and transition probabilities were taken from a local surgical database and local costs and utilities of elective and urgent thoracic aortic surgery with or without aortic valve replacement, with a sensitivity analysis based on a systematic review. Scenario analyses were provided for other aortic dimensions. Implications for survival, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs were calculated from healthcare delivery and economic perspectives. After 10,000 simulations for the reference case, the utility of watchful waiting (WW) exceeded that of elective aortic surgery (AoS) (134 vs 105 QALY). The net monetary benefit was A$351,063304,965 with immediate aortic surgery [AoS] vs. 534,797198,570 with watchful waiting surveillance [WW]. The most important variables affecting effectiveness were utility value of survivors, rate of aortic growth and probability of acute aortic event during WW.

Conclusions: This decision-analytic model informed by our practice, as well as a systematic analysis, shows that aortic surgery in a BAV patient with aorta <5 cm diameter is costlier and less effective than watchful waiting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:bicuspid aortic valve, aortopathy, cost-effectiveness and decision analysis
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
UTAS Author:Hardikar, A (Dr Ashutosh Hardikar)
UTAS Author:Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)
ID Code:133595
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-07-02
Last Modified:2019-08-21
Downloads:0

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