Jaakkola, T and Yli-Piipari, S and Huhtiniemi, M and Salin, K and Seppala, S and Hakonen, H and Grasten, A, Longitudinal associations among cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, motor competence and objectively measured physical activity, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport pp. 1-20. ISSN 1440-2440 (In Press) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Sports Medicine Australia
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate cross-lagged associations in motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) engagement.
Design: One-year prospective follow-up study.
Method: A sample was 491 (275 girls; M at baseline = 11.27, SD = .32) Finnish physical education students. Students’ motor competence was assessed by 1) two-legged jumping from side to side test, 2) throwing-catching combination test and 3) 5-leaps test. Their cardiorespiratory fitness was analyzed by a 20-meter shuttle run test and muscular fitness by curl-up and push-up tests. Additionally, students’ MVPA was measured objectively by hip-worn accelerometers.
Results: Results demonstrated that: 1) cardiorespiratory fitness measured at Grade 5 was the only significant predictor of later MVPA and this association appeared only in the boys’ group, 2) MVPA assessed at Grade 5 significantly predicted cardiorespiratory fitness in the girls’ group, 3) cardiorespiratory fitness collected at Grade 5 associated with muscular fitness, locomotor and stability skills in both girls and boys, and 4) locomotor skills measured at Grade 5 predicted significantly muscular fitness, locomotor and manipulative skills in both sex groups.
Conclusions: Elementary school years are important in providing students with experiences in physical activity (PA) which leads to improvements s in cardiorespiratory health. Additionally, this 25 study showed that cardiorespiratory fitness collected at Grade 5 associated with later muscular fitness, and locomotor and stability skills in both sex groups. These findings are noteworthy because muscular fitness in youth has several health-related benefits and motor competence in childhood and adolescence has positive association with later PA engagement.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||motor competence, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, physical activity|
|Research Group:||Curriculum and Pedagogy|
|Research Field:||Physical Education and Development Curriculum and Pedagogy|
|Objective Group:||Health and Support Services|
|Objective Field:||Health Education and Promotion|
|UTAS Author:||Grasten, A (Dr Arto Grasten)|
|Year Published:||In Press|
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