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The sphingosine-1-phosphate analog FTY720 reduces muscle ceramide content and improves glucose tolerance in high fat-fed male mice

Citation

Bruce, CR and Risis, S and Babb, JR and Yang, C and Lee-Young, RS and Henstridge, DC and Febbraio, MA, The sphingosine-1-phosphate analog FTY720 reduces muscle ceramide content and improves glucose tolerance in high fat-fed male mice, Endocrinology, 154, (1) pp. 65-76. ISSN 0013-7227 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 The Endocrine Society

DOI: doi:10.1210/en.2012-1847

Abstract

FTY720 is a sphingosine-1-phosphate analog that has been shown to inhibit ceramide synthesis in vitro. Because ceramide accumulation in muscle is associated with insulin resistance, we aimed to examine whether FTY720 would prevent muscle ceramide accumulation in high fat-fed mice and subsequently improve glucose homeostasis. Male C57Bl/6 mice were fed either a chow or high fat-diet (HFD) for 6 wk, after which they were treated with vehicle or FTY720 (5 mg/kg) daily for a further 6 wk. The ceramide content of muscle was examined and insulin action was assessed. Whereas the HFD increased muscle ceramide, this was prevented by FTY720 treatment. This was not associated with alterations in the expression of genes involved in sphingolipid metabolism. Interestingly, the effects of FTY720 on lipid metabolism were not limited to ceramide because FTY720 also prevented the HFD-induced increase in diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol in muscle. Furthermore, the increase in CD36 mRNA expression induced by fat feeding was prevented in muscle of FTY720-treated mice. This was associated with an attenuation of the HFD-induced increase in palmitate uptake and esterification. In addition, FTY720 improved glucose homeostasis as demonstrated by a reduction in plasma insulin, an improvement in whole-body glucose tolerance, an increase in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, and Akt phosphorylation in muscle. In conclusion, FTY720 exerts beneficial effects on muscle lipid metabolism that prevent lipid accumulation and improve glucose tolerance in high fat-fed mice. Thus, FTY720 and other compounds that target sphingosine-1-phosphate signaling may have therapeutic potential in treating insulin resistance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:CD36 antigen, ceramide, diacylglycerol, fingolimod, insulin, messenger RNA, mitogen activated protein kinase, palmitic acid, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma, protein kinase B, sphingosine 1 phosphate, triacylglycerol, animal tissue
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Cell metabolism
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Henstridge, DC (Mr Darren Henstridge)
ID Code:133340
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2019-06-24
Last Modified:2019-07-23
Downloads:0

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