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c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activity in subcutaneous adipose tissue but not nuclear factor-κB activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells is an independent determinant of insulin resistance in healthy individuals

Citation

Sourris, KC and Lyons, JG and de Courten, MPJ and Dougherty, SL and Henstridge, DC and Cooper, ME and Hage, M and Dart, A and Kingwell, BA and Forbes, JM and de Courten, B, c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activity in subcutaneous adipose tissue but not nuclear factor-κB activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells is an independent determinant of insulin resistance in healthy individuals, Diabetes, 58, (6) pp. 1259-1265. ISSN 0012-1797 (2009) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 by the American Diabetes Association. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.2337/db08-1725

Abstract

Objective: Chronic low-grade activation of the immune system (CLAIS) predicts type 2 diabetes via a decrease in insulin sensitivity. Our study investigated potential relationships between nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways - two pathways proposed as the link between CLAIS and insulin resistance.

Research design and methods: Adiposity (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and insulin sensitivity (M, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp) were measured in 22 healthy nondiabetic volunteers (aged 29 11 years, body fat 28 11%). NF-κB activity (DNA-binding assay) and JNK1/2 activity (phosphorylated JNK) were assessed in biopsies of the vastus lateralis muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue and in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) lysates.

Results: NF-κB activities in PBMCs and muscle were positively associated with WHR after adjustment for age, sex, and percent body fat (both P < 0.05). NF-κB activity in PBMCs was inversely associated with M after adjustment for age, sex, percent body fat, and WHR (P = 0.02) and explained 16% of the variance of M. There were no significant relationships between NF-κB activity and M in muscle or adipose tissue (both NS). Adipose-derived JNK1/2 activity was not associated with obesity (all P > 0.1), although it was inversely related to M (r = −0.54, P < 0.05) and explained 29% of its variance. When both NF-κB and JNK1/2 were examined statistically, only JNK1/2 activity in adipose tissue was a significant determinant of insulin resistance (P = 0.02).

Conclusions: JNK1/2 activity in adipose tissue but not NF-κB activity in PBMCs is an independent determinant of insulin resistance in healthy individuals.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:I kappa B alpha, immunoglobulin enhancer binding protein, insulin, mitogen activated protein kinase 9, stress activated protein kinase 1, transcription factor RelA, immunoglobulin enhancer binding protein, mitogen activated protein kinase 9, adult
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and cell biology
Research Field:Cell metabolism
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Henstridge, DC (Mr Darren Henstridge)
ID Code:133325
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:25
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2019-06-24
Last Modified:2019-07-22
Downloads:8 View Download Statistics

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