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Cross-cultural validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale in four forms and eight languages


Lopez-Fernandez, O and Griffiths, MD and Kuss, DJ and Dawes, C and Pontes, HM and Justice, L and Rumpf, H-J and Bischof, A and Gassler, A-K and Suryani, E and Mannikko, N and Kaarianen, M and Romo, L and Morvan, Y and Kern, L and Graziani, P and Rousseau, A and Hormes, JM and Schimmenti, A and Passanisi, A and Demetrovics, Z and Kiraly, O and Lelonek-Kuleta, B and Chwaszcz, J and Dufour, M and Terashima, JP and Choliz, M and Zacares, JJ and Serra, E and Rochat, L and Zullino, D and Achab, S and Landro, NI and Billieux, J, Cross-cultural validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale in four forms and eight languages, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 22, (7) pp. 451-464. ISSN 2152-2715 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1089/cyber.2018.0731


The 14-item Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) is one of the most frequently internationally adapted psychometric instruments developed to assess generalized problematic Internet use. Multiple adaptations of this instrument have led to versions in different languages (e.g., Arabic and French), and different numbers of items (e.g., from 5 to 16 items instead of the original 14). However, to date, the CIUS has never been simultaneously compared and validated in several languages and different versions. Consequently, the present study tested the psychometric properties of four CIUS versions (i.e., CIUS-14, CIUS-9, CIUS-7, and CIUS-5) across eight languages (i.e., German, French, English, Finnish, Spanish, Italian, Polish, and Hungarian) to (a) examine their psychometric properties, and (b) test their measurement invariance. These analyses also identified the optimal versions of the CIUS. The data were collected via online surveys administered to 4,226 voluntary participants from 15 countries, aged at least 18 years, and recruited from academic environments. All brief versions of the CIUS in all eight languages were validated. Dimensional, configural, and metric invariance were established across all languages for the CIUS-5, CIUS-7, and CIUS-9, but the CIUS-5 and CIUS-7 were slightly more suitable because their model fitted the ordinal estimate better, while for cross-comparisons, the CIUS-9 was slightly better. The brief versions of the CIUS are therefore reliable and structurally stable instruments that can be used for cross-cultural research across adult populations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Compulsive Internet Use Scale, psychometric testing, measurement invariance, cross-cultural research, internet addiction, cius
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:133303
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-06-22
Last Modified:2021-09-07

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