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Miniemulsion polymerization using graphene oxide as surfactant: In situ grafting of polymers


Cai, Y and Fadil, Y and Jasinski, F and Thickett, SC and Agarwal, V and Zetterlund, PB, Miniemulsion polymerization using graphene oxide as surfactant: In situ grafting of polymers, Carbon, 149 pp. 445-451. ISSN 0008-6223 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.04.063


The occurrence of covalent grafting of polymer chains onto graphene oxide (GO) sheets during aqueous miniemulsion radical polymerizations of common vinyl monomers has been investigated. Styrene, benzyl methacrylate and t-butyl methacrylate were polymerized via miniemulsion polymerization using GO as sole surfactant, and the characterization of GO isolated post-polymerization was investigated by a range of experimental techniques (Fourier-Transform Near Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), X-Ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)). All experimental techniques show consistently that significant grafting occurs for all three monomers under these conditions. Furthermore, Raman spectroscopy indicated that the mechanism of grafting involves the sp2 carbons present in the GO structure, and not the oxygen-containing functional groups (e.g. epoxy, hydroxyl and carboxyl). The extent of grafting was quantified by XPS, revealing that polymer grafting occurred at levels in the approximate range of 20-60 wt% (grafted polymer relative to total mass of GO and grafted polymer). Miniemulsion polymerization using GO as surfactant is an attractive approach for synthesis of polymer/GO nanocomposites, and the present results are important in regards to the specific structures and performances of such materials.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:graphene oxide, polymerization, grafting, miniemulsion polymerization
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Materials engineering
Research Field:Composite and hybrid materials
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Thickett, SC (Associate Professor Stuart Thickett)
ID Code:133190
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2019-06-18
Last Modified:2022-08-22

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