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Mapping the evidence-based research on Ghana's inclusive education to policy and practices: a scoping review


Opoku, MP and Rayner, CS and Pedersen, SJ and Cuskelly, M, Mapping the evidence-based research on Ghana's inclusive education to policy and practices: a scoping review, International Journal of Inclusive Education, 25, (10) pp. 1157-1173. ISSN 1360-3116 (2021) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in International Journal of Inclusive Education on 02/04/2019, available online:

DOI: doi:10.1080/13603116.2019.1600055


For the past 15 years (2003-2018), Ghana has followed international frameworks and taken steps to implement inclusive education. This has triggered research that seeks to assess effectiveness of practices by documenting the perspectives and experiences of key stakeholders such as parents and other educators. This study took stock of the research evidence to appraise the effectiveness of inclusive education practices, identify gaps in the literature and draw attention to areas that policymakers could strengthen to advance those practices. Adopting Ainscow and Milesís (2009. Developing Inclusive Education Systems: How Can We Move Policies Forward) inclusive education measurement indicators as a conceptual framework, we reviewed empirical studies that have been conducted on inclusive education in Ghana since the policy was formally incorporated into the education system. Ten databases, along with manual searches in journals and the reference lists of selected articles, yielded a total of 426 studies, of which 35 satisfied the pre-determined inclusion and quality-assessment criteria. We found barriers to inclusive practices at all levels of education. Teachers in particular have not been adequately informed and supported to teach students with disabilities in regular classrooms. The implications of the findings for policymaking and future research are discussed in detail.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Inclusive education, scoping review, Ghana, stakeholder, policy, practices
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Inclusive education
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Schools and learning environments
Objective Field:Inclusive education
UTAS Author:Opoku, MP (Mr Max Opoku)
UTAS Author:Rayner, CS (Dr Christopher Rayner)
UTAS Author:Pedersen, SJ (Dr Scott Pedersen)
UTAS Author:Cuskelly, M (Professor Monica Cuskelly)
ID Code:133184
Year Published:2021 (online first 2019)
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2019-06-17
Last Modified:2021-11-09
Downloads:21 View Download Statistics

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