Smith, KJ and Magnussen, CG and Pahkala, K and Koskinen, J and Sabin, MA and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Kahonen, M and Laitinen, T and Tammelin, T and Tossavainen, P and Jokinen, E and Viikari, JSA and Juonala, M and Raitakari, OT, Youth to adult body mass index trajectories as a predictor of metabolically healthy obesity in adulthood, European Journal of Public Health, (June) pp. 1-5. ISSN 1101-1262 (2019) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2019 the authors
Methods: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study had measured weight and height up to eight times in individuals from youth (3-18 years in 1980) to adulthood (24-49 years). Adult MHO was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg m-2, normal fasting glucose (<5.6 mmol l-1), triglycerides (<1.695 mmol l-1), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (≥1.295 mmol l-1 females, ≥1.036 mmol l-1 males), blood pressure (<130/85 mmHg) and no medications for these conditions. BMI trajectories were compared for adults with MHO and MUHO using multilevel mixed models adjusted for age, sex and follow-up time.
Results: Mean (SD) follow-up time was 29 (3) years. Five hundred and twenty-four participants were obese in adulthood, 66 (12.6%) had MHO. BMI was similar through childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. BMI trajectories diverged at age 33, when individuals with MHO had at least 1.0 kg m-2 lower BMI than those with MUHO, significantly lower at 36 (-2.1 kg m-2, P = 0.001) and 42 years (-1.7 kg m-2; P = 0.005).
Conclusion: Adult MHO was characterized by lower adult BMI, not youth BMI. Preventing additional weight gain among adults who are obese may be beneficial for metabolic health.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiovascular medicine and haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)|
|UTAS Author:||Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||2|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
Repository Staff Only: item control page