eCite Digital Repository

Smoking and physical activity trajectories from childhood to midlife


Salin, K and Kankaanpaa, A and Hirvensalo, M and Lounassalo, I and Yang, X and Magnussen, CG and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Rovio, S and Viikari, J and Raitakari, OT and Tammelin, TH, Smoking and physical activity trajectories from childhood to midlife, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, (6) Article 974. ISSN 1661-7827 (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph16060974


Introduction: Despite substantial interest in the development of health behaviors, there is limited research that has examined the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and smoking trajectories from youth to adulthood in a Finnish population. This study aimed to identify trajectories of smoking and PA for males and females, and study the relationship between these trajectories from youth to adulthood.

Methods: Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify trajectories of smoking and PA separately for males and females among 3355 Finnish adults (52.1% females). Participants' smoking and PA were assessed five to eight times over a 31-year period (3⁻18 years old at the baseline, 34⁻49 years at last follow-up). Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to study the relationship between the trajectories of smoking and PA.

Results: Five smoking trajectories and four to five PA trajectories were identified for males and females. Of the PA trajectory groups, the persistently active group were least likely to follow the trajectories of regular smoking and the inactive and low active groups were least likely to follow non-smoking trajectory group. Likewise, inactive (women only) and low active groups were less likely to belong to the non-smokers group.

Conclusions: The study suggests that those who are persistently active or increasingly active have substantially reduced probabilities of being in the highest-risk smoking categories.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:physical activity, smoking, cohort study, longitudinal study, trajectory, adults
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
ID Code:132970
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:19
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-05-29
Last Modified:2020-08-14
Downloads:39 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page