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The Pacific palaeogeography of Rhizophora mangle L. (Rhizophoraceae)


Ellison, J, The Pacific palaeogeography of Rhizophora mangle L. (Rhizophoraceae), Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 105, (3) pp. 271-284. ISSN 0024-4074 (1991) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 1991 The Linnean Society of London

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1991.tb00208.x


The American red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle is disjunct in its occurrence between the Neotropics and an outlier in the south-west Pacific, a distribution which has been speculated upon for over a century. The species is shown to be indigenous in Tonga, the first such evidence from the outlier, with certain identification of abundantly occurring pollen in an early Holocene mangrove peat, that pre-dates the arrival of man by some 2500 years. It is suggested from review of world-wide fossil records that the species crossed the Pacific eastwards during the Eocene, facilitated by land connections resultant from low stands of sea level and before major subsidence of the Pacific plate. Then subsidence of the Pacific plate caused local extinctions on islands of the central and eastern Pacific as they periodically submerged, the species not able to recolonize from either refuges west of the Andesite line or America due to loss of land connections and its poor dispersal capability.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:mangrove biogeography, Pacifica, Rhizophora samoensis, Tonga
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Quaternary environments
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Effects of climate change on the South Pacific (excl. Australia and New Zealand) (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Ellison, J (Associate Professor Joanna Ellison)
ID Code:132752
Year Published:1991
Web of Science® Times Cited:20
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2019-05-20
Last Modified:2019-07-31

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