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Effectiveness of parental cocooning as a vaccination strategy to prevent pertussis infection in infants: A case-control study

Citation

Rowe, SL and Tay, EL and Franklin, LJ and Stephens, N and Ware, RS and Kaczmarek, MC and Lester, RA, Effectiveness of parental cocooning as a vaccination strategy to prevent pertussis infection in infants: A case-control study, Vaccine, 36, (15) pp. 2012-2019. ISSN 0264-410X (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Crown Copyright 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.02.094

Abstract

Background: During a pertussis epidemic in 2009, the Department of Health, Victoria, Australia, implemented a cocoon program offering parents of new babies a funded-dose of pertussis-containing vaccine.We assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the program in reducing pertussis infection in infants.

Methods: Using a matched case-control design, infants aged <12 months that were notified with pertussis between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2011, and born during the time that the cocoon program was in place, were identified. Controls were matched by area of residence and date of birth. Telephone interviews we conducted to ascertain parents' vaccination status, and if vaccinated, timing of vaccination receipt relative to the birth of their baby. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for the association between vaccination and pertussis infection, with VE calculated as (1 - OR) 100%.

Results: The study recruited 215 cases and 240 controls (response rates 67% and 25% of eligible participants,respectively). Vaccination of both parents after delivery of the infant and 28 days prior to illness onset reduced pertussis infection by 77% (Vaccine Effectiveness [VE] = 77% (confidence interval [95% CI],18-93%). After adjusting for maternal education, presence of a sibling within the household, and the infants' primary course vaccination status, the adjusted VE was 64% (95% CI, -58-92%).

Conclusions: Although not reaching statistical significance, our results demonstrated that cocoon immunisation - where both parents are vaccinated in the post-partum period " may offer some protection again infant pertussis infection. Cocoon immunisation could be considered in circumstances where antenatal vaccination of the mother has not occurred.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pertussis, cocoon, immunization, vaccine, vaccination, infant
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Disease Distribution and Transmission (incl. Surveillance and Response)
UTAS Author:Stephens, N (Dr Nicola Stephens)
ID Code:132631
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2019-05-15
Last Modified:2019-08-12
Downloads:0

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