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Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections

Citation

Martin, LB and Addison, B and Bean, AGD and Buchanan, KL and Crino, OL and Eastwood, JR and Flies, AS and Hamede, R and Hill, GE and Klaassen, M and Koch, RE and Martens, JM and Napolitano, C and Narayan, EJ and Peacock, L and Peel, AJ and Peters, A and Raven, N and Risely, A and Roast, MJ and Rollins, LA and Ruiz Aravena, M and Selechnik, D and Stokes, HS and Ujvari, B and Grogan, LF, Extreme Competence: Keystone Hosts of Infections, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34, (4) pp. 303-314. ISSN 0169-5347 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.009

Abstract

Individual hosts differ extensively in their competence for parasites, but traditional research has discounted this variation, partly because modeling such heterogeneity is difficult. This discounting has diminished as tools have improved and recognition has grown that some hosts, the extremely competent, can have exceptional impacts on disease dynamics. Most prominent among these hosts are the superspreaders, but other forms of extreme competence (EC) exist and others await discovery; each with potentially strong but distinct implications for disease emergence and spread. Here, we propose a framework for the study and discovery of EC, suitable for different host-parasite systems, which we hope enhances our understanding of how parasites circulate and evolve in host communities.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:disease ecology, super spreader, infectious disease, malaria, disease, epidemic, infection, zoonosis
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Infectious Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Infectious Diseases
UTAS Author:Flies, AS (Dr Andy Flies)
UTAS Author:Hamede, R (Dr Rodrigo Hamede Ross)
UTAS Author:Ruiz Aravena, M (Mr Manuel Ruiz Aravena)
ID Code:132517
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DE180100484)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-05-09
Last Modified:2019-06-07
Downloads:0

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