Stavropoulos, V and Adams, BLM and Beard, CL and Dumble, E and Trawley, S and Gomez, R and Pontes, HM, Associations between attention deficit hyperactivity and internet gaming disorder symptoms: is there consistency across types of symptoms, gender and countries?, Addictive Behaviors Reports, 9 Article 100158. ISSN 2352-8532 (2019) [Refereed Article]
© 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Background: Videogame addiction has been suggested as a tentative disorder in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and was recently officially recognized as a mental health disorder by the World Health Organization (WHO). Although a few studies have identified attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a key risk factor for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD), the interplay between ADHD and IGD symptoms with gender differences across cultures remains to be further examined.
Objective: This study examined the moderating effects of gender in the association between ADHD and IGD across two nations.
Method: A cross-sectional online survey was developed to recruit 164 Australian (Mage = 23.01, SD = 3.35, Minage = 18, Maxage = 31, Males n = 121, 73.80%) and 457 U.S.-North American (Mage = 25.25 years, SD = 2.76, Minage = 18 years, Maxage = 29 years, Males = 265, 57.98%) Massively Multiplayer Online (MMO) players aged between 18 and 29 years.
Results: The hierarchical linear regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses revealed that participants presenting greater inattention and hyperactivity symptoms exhibited higher levels of IGD-related behaviors in the two samples. Moreover, these associations differed across genders between the two countries. Specifically, more hyperactive-impulsive, as well as inattentive males in the USA presented higher levels of disordered gaming.
Conclusion: The results highlight the need for more cross-cultural and symptom-focused research in the broader IGD field.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||internet gaming disorder, emergent adults, massively multiplayer online games, attention deficit hyperactivity, gender, culture|
|Research Group:||Clinical and health psychology|
|Research Field:||Health psychology|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Mental health|
|UTAS Author:||Adams, BLM (Mr Baxter Adams)|
|UTAS Author:||Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)|
|Downloads:||9 View Download Statistics|
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