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Emerging adults and Facebook use: the validation of the Bergen Facebook addiction scale (BFAS)


da Veiga, GF and Sotero, L and Pontes, HM and Cunha, D and Portugal, A and Relvas, AP, Emerging adults and Facebook use: the validation of the Bergen Facebook addiction scale (BFAS), International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17, (2) pp. 279-294. ISSN 1557-1874 (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11469-018-0018-2


Based on the six key components of addiction, the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) is a widely used instrument to assess Facebook addiction. This study aimed to conduct a psychometric validation in a Portuguese sample of emerging adults (ages 18 to 29 years). The construct validity analyses confirmed the one-factor solution and a statistically significant association found between Facebook addiction and Preference for Online Social Interaction, measured by the Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2, warranted the scale criterion validity. Internal consistency was scrutinized using Cronbach’s α (α = .87) and stability measured by test-retest (r = .94). Associations between BFAS scores and Brief Symptom Inventory dimensions scores (e.g., interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety) and the GPIUS2 subscale, deficient self-regulation, scores were evaluated. A subsample with higher levels of addiction was analyzed. In summary, the results of the present study support the use of the Portuguese version of the BFAS in both research and clinical milieus. Further implications for research and practice were considered.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:behavioral addiction, social networking sites, Bergen Facebook addiction scale (BFAS), Portuguese psychometric studies, emerging adults
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:132491
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-05-08
Last Modified:2019-08-30
Downloads:13 View Download Statistics

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