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Measurement invariance of the short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ-SV) across eight languages


Lopez-Fernandez, O and Kuss, DJ and Pontes, HM and Griffiths, MD and Dawes, C and Justice, LV and Mannikko, N and Kaariainen, M and Rumpf, H-J and Bischof, A and Gassler, A-K and Romo, L and Kern, L and Morvan, Y and Rousseau, A and Graziani, P and Demetrovics, Z and Kiraly, O and Schimmenti, A and Passanisi, A and Lelonek-Kuleta, B and Chwaszcz, J and Choliz, M and Zacares, JJ and Serra, E and Dufour, M and Rochat, L and Zullino, D and Achab, S and Landroe, NI and Suryani, E and Hormes, JM and Terashima, JP and Billieux, J, Measurement invariance of the short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ-SV) across eight languages, Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, (6) pp. E1213. ISSN 1661-7827 (2018) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph15061213


The prevalence of mobile phone use across the world has increased greatly over the past two decades. Problematic Mobile Phone Use (PMPU) has been studied in relation to public health and comprises various behaviours, including dangerous, prohibited, and dependent use. These types of problematic mobile phone behaviours are typically assessed with the short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ⁻SV). However, to date, no study has ever examined the degree to which the PMPU scale assesses the same construct across different languages. The aims of the present study were to (i) determine an optimal factor structure for the PMPUQ-SV among university populations using eight versions of the scale (i.e., French, German, Hungarian, English, Finnish, Italian, Polish, and Spanish); and (ii) simultaneously examine the measurement invariance (MI) of the PMPUQ-SV across all languages. The whole study sample comprised 3038 participants. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and Cronbach's alpha coefficients were extracted from the demographic and PMPUQ-SV items. Individual and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses alongside MI analyses were conducted. Results showed a similar pattern of PMPU across the translated scales. A three-factor model of the PMPUQ-SV fitted the data well and presented with good psychometric properties. Six languages were validated independently, and five were compared via measurement invariance for future cross-cultural comparisons. The present paper contributes to the assessment of problematic mobile phone use because it is the first study to provide a cross-cultural psychometric analysis of the PMPUQ-SV.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:mobile phone use, smartphone use, Problematic Mobile Phone Use, Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire, psychometric testing, measurement invariance
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:132486
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-05-08
Last Modified:2019-06-14
Downloads:23 View Download Statistics

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