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The Game Transfer Phenomena Scale: an instrument for investigating the nonvolitional effects of video game playing


Ortiz de Gortari, AB and Pontes, HM and Griffiths, MD, The Game Transfer Phenomena Scale: an instrument for investigating the nonvolitional effects of video game playing, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, (10) pp. 588-594. ISSN 2152-2715 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1089/cyber.2015.0221


A variety of instruments have been developed to assess different dimensions of playing video games and its effects on cognitions, affect, and behaviors. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Game Transfer Phenomena Scale (GTPS) that assesses nonvolitional phenomena experienced after playing video games (i.e., altered perceptions, automatic mental processes, and involuntary behaviors). A total of 1,736 gamers participated in an online survey used as the basis for the analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to confirm the factorial structure of the GTPS. The five-factor structure using the 20 indicators based on the analysis of gamers' self-reports fitted the data well. Population cross-validity was also achieved, and the positive associations between the session length and overall scores indicate the GTPS warranted criterion-related validity. Although the understanding of Game Transfer Phenomena is still in its infancy, the GTPS appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for assessing nonvolitional gaming-related phenomena. The GTPS can be used for understanding the phenomenology of post-effects of playing video games.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:game transfer phenomena, video games, psychometrics
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Psychological methodology, design and analysis
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:132450
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-05-08
Last Modified:2019-07-24

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