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Clinical psychology of Internet addiction: a review of its conceptualization, prevalence, neuronal processes, and implications for treatment

Citation

Pontes, HM and Kuss, DJ and Griffiths, MD, Clinical psychology of Internet addiction: a review of its conceptualization, prevalence, neuronal processes, and implications for treatment, Neuroscience and Neuroeconomics, 4 pp. 11-23. ISSN 2230-3561 (2015) [Substantial Review]


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DOI: doi:10.2147/NAN.S60982

Abstract

Research into Internet addiction (IA) has grown rapidly over the last decade. The topic has generated a great deal of debate, particularly in relation to how IA can be defined conceptually as well as the many methodological limitations. The present review aims to further elaborate and clarify issues that are relevant to IA research in a number of areas including: definition and characterization, incidence and prevalence rates, associated neuronal processes, and implications for treatment, prevention, and patient-specific considerations. It is concluded that there is no consensual definition for IA. Prevalence rates among nationally representative samples across several countries vary greatly (from 1% to 18.7%), most likely reflecting the lack of methodological consistency and conceptual rigor of the studies. The overlaps between IA and other more traditional substance-based addictions and the possible neural substrates implicated in IA are also highlighted. In terms of treatment and prevention, both psychological and pharmacological treatments are examined in light of existing evidence alongside particular aspects inherent to the patient perspective. Based on the evidence analyzed, it is concluded that IA may pose a serious health hazard to a minority of people.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:internet addiction, review, behavioral addictions, prevalence, neuronal processes, treatment
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pontes, HM (Dr Halley de Oliveira Miguel Pontes)
ID Code:132447
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-05-08
Last Modified:2019-06-03
Downloads:0

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