The Outcome of Subtotal Parathyroidectomy for the Treatment of Hyperparathyroidism in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1
Burgess, JR and David, R and Parameswaran, V and Greenaway, TM and Shepherd, JJ, The Outcome of Subtotal Parathyroidectomy for the Treatment of Hyperparathyroidism in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1, Archives of Surgery, 133, (2) pp. 126-129. ISSN 0004-0010 (1998) [Refereed Article]
Background: The efficacy of subtotal parathyroidectomy for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is unclear. The long-term outcome and optimal timing of operation remain controversial. Objective: To determine the long-term outcome of parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in the presence of MEN 1. Design: Case series and retrospective analysis. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: Patients with MEN 1 from 2 families. Interventions: Subtotal parathyroidectomy, ie, resection of 3 1/4 parathyroid glands from each patient. Main Outcome Measures: Recurrence of hyperparathyroidism. Results: Thirty-seven patients underwent subtotal parathyroidectomy. Overall, persistent postoperative hypoparathyroidism developed in 24%, normocalcemia was maintained in 46%, and hyperparathyroidism recurred in 30%. However, after adjustment for the duration of follow-up (by using the Kaplan-Meier method), the cumulative recurrence rates for hyperparathyroidism were 15% at 2 years, 23% at 4 years, 55% at 8 years, and 67% after 8 years. Early recurrence of hyperparathyroidism (within 5 years of operation) was less likely to develop in patients in whom ionized calcium levels of 1.00 mmol/L (4.00 mg/dL) or less were achieved during the perioperative period than in patients in whom this degree of hypocalcemia failed to develop (P=.01). Conclusions: While relatively long periods of disease remission are possible after subtotal parathyroidectomy, our results indicate that recurrent hyperparathyroidism eventually develops in most patients with MEN 1.