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Human Parechovirus Infection in Neonates and Children: An Overview


Shee, A and Weber, H, Human Parechovirus Infection in Neonates and Children: An Overview, Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 12, (2) pp. 99-103. ISSN 1305-7707 (2017) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

DOI: doi:10.1055/s-0037-1602384


Pediatricians are becoming increasingly aware of the emergence of human parechovirus (HPeV) following several reports of potentially life-threatening infection in early infancy across the globe from Europe to Australia with episodic seasonal outbreaks. The severity of the HPeV infection varies widely from sporadic mild respiratory or gastrointestinal tract infection in older children to epidemic severe sepsis, myocarditis, and meningoencephalitis in young infants up to 3 months of age. Early complete recovery may sometimes be falsely reassuring, which later can lead to poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. The underlying causative viral agent of meningoencephalitis may remain elusive if a specific laboratory test for HPeV is not requested. Unlike Enterovirus (EV), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in HPeV infection may remain misleadingly normal without pleocytosis or abnormal glucose and protein values even in PCR-positive cases. In this review article we attempt to summarize the important clinical information relevant to the practicing pediatricians about HPeV, particularly about its most pathogenic type, HPeV genotype 3 (HPeV3) along with its complications, possible treatment options, and future research direction.

Item Details

Item Type:Contribution to Refereed Journal
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Paediatrics
Research Field:Paediatrics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Shee, A (Dr Anutosh Shee)
UTAS Author:Weber, H (Dr Heinrich Weber)
ID Code:132199
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Office of the School of Medicine
Deposited On:2019-04-29
Last Modified:2019-04-29

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