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Fisheries sustainability relies on biological understanding, evidence-based management, and conducive industry conditions


Nilsson, JA and Johnson, CR and Fulton, EA and Haward, M, Fisheries sustainability relies on biological understanding, evidence-based management, and conducive industry conditions, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 76, (6) pp. 1436-1452. ISSN 1095-9289 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

DOI: doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsz065


This article recognizes that the impacts and effects of fishing are key to marine ecosystem management and explores the relationship between fisheries exploitation and sustainable harvests, and the collapse and depletion of stocks. A survey of 21 fisheries from around the world assessed key biological, environmental, social, economic, industry, governance, and management variables and associated criteria that potentially affect stock abundance. We developed 51 criteria as potential contributing factors underpinning three main fishery management outcomes: a sustainable fishery, a depleted fishery, or a collapsed fishery. The criteria that scored highest for the 15 sustainable fisheries in the analysis were associated with the broad groupings of biology (characteristics of the species and stock), management (legal and policy frameworks, tools and decision systems), and industry (economic performance and value). This analysis showed that while a fishery might have a high score for management, sustainability is likely to be difficult to achieve without a medium or high score for biological knowledge.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ecosystem based fisheries management, marine conservation, ocean governance, meta-analysis, sustaining fisheries
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries sciences
Research Field:Fisheries management
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Nilsson, JA (Ms Jessica Nilsson)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
UTAS Author:Fulton, EA (Dr Elizabeth Fulton)
UTAS Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
ID Code:132150
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2019-04-24
Last Modified:2022-07-06

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