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Restoration priorities to achieve the global protected area target


Mappin, B and Chauvenet, ALM and Adams, VM and Di Marco, M and Beyer, HL and Venter, O and Halpern, BS and Possingham, HP and Watson, JEM, Restoration priorities to achieve the global protected area target, Conservation Letters, 12, (4) Article e12646. ISSN 1755-263X (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1111/conl.12646


With much of Earth's surface already heavily impacted by humans, there is a need to understand where restoration is required to achieve global conservation goals. Here, we show that at least 1.9 million km2 of land, spanning 190 (27%) terrestrial ecoregions and 114 countries, needs restoration to achieve the current 17% global protected area target (Aichi Target 11). Restoration targeted on lightly modified land could recover up to two‐thirds of the shortfall, which would have an opportunity cost impact on agriculture of at least $205 million per annum (average of $159/km2). However, 64 (9%) ecoregions, located predominately in Southeast Asia, will require the challenging task of restoring areas that are already heavily modified. These results highlight the need for global conservation strategies to recognize the current level of anthropogenic degradation across many ecoregions and balance bigger protected area targets with more specific restoration goals.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Aichi Target 11, conservation planning, ecoregions, ecosystem restoration, habitat conservation, human footprint, land conversion, representation, protected areas, expansion, CBD
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Adams, VM (Associate Professor Vanessa Adams)
ID Code:132146
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2019-04-23
Last Modified:2020-05-19
Downloads:33 View Download Statistics

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