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Physiological response to temperature, light, and nitrates in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera from Tasmania, Australia

Citation

Mabin, CJT and Johnson, CR and Wright, JT, Physiological response to temperature, light, and nitrates in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera from Tasmania, Australia, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 614 pp. 1-9. ISSN 0171-8630 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Official URL: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v614/p1-19/

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps12900

Abstract

Climate change is characterised by multiple abiotic forcings acting simultaneously on biotic systems. In marine systems, temperature appears to drive much of the observed change in biotic communities subject to climate change, but this may reflect the focus of most studies only on temperature without consideration of other environmental variables affected by climate change. The giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera was once abundant in eastern Tasmania, forming extensive habitats of ecological and economic importance, but recent extensive population decline has occurred. Southerly incursion of warm oligotrophic East Australian Current (EAC) water has increased in frequency and intensity into this region, which has warmed ~4 times the global average, and the warming trend is predicted to continue. This study investigated the single and combined effects of temperature, light, and nitrate availability on the physiology of juvenile M. pyrifera sporophytes in a laboratory experiment. Determination of relative growth rate, photosystem II characteristics, pigments, elemental chemistry, and nucleic acid characteristics over 28 d showed that all experimental factors affected sporeling physiology. Temperature and light drove much of the observed variation related to performance characteristics, and rapid deterioration of kelp tissue was a consequence of temperature stress (high temperature), photoinhibition (high light), and low light, accompanied by impaired photosynthetic efficiency and increased RNA concentration, presumably associated with production of photoprotective proteins. Surprisingly, higher relative growth rates were observed in low-nitrate treatments. These findings suggest that negative effects of temperature on M. pyrifera populations will be mediated by local variation in light and nutrient conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:kelp, climate change, Macrocystis pyrifera, relative growth, photosynthesis, physiology, morphology
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related)
UTAS Author:Mabin, CJT (Mr Christopher Mabin)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
UTAS Author:Wright, JT (Associate Professor Jeffrey Wright)
ID Code:131990
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP1096573)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2019-04-16
Last Modified:2020-01-29
Downloads:5 View Download Statistics

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