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Interventions to increase blood donation among ethnic/racial minorities: a systematic review

Citation

Makin, JK and Francis, KL and Polonsky, MJ and Renzaho, AMN, Interventions to increase blood donation among ethnic/racial minorities: a systematic review, Journal of Environmental and Public Health Article 6810959. ISSN 1687-9805 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Author(s) Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1155/2019/6810959

Abstract

Ethnic/racial minorities are under-represented in blood donor populations in most developed countries. .is is of particular concern where minorities differ from a country’s majority population in terms of blood or tissue typing, especially where type matching is required for effective management of rare disorders such as sickle-cell disease that require multiple transfusions. .is systematic review assessed the effectiveness of interventions to increase blood donation among ethnic/racial minority populations in developed countries. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and ProQuest on 20 March 2017 with no date restrictions and supplemented this with searches on Google Scholar, blood collection agency websites, reference lists of included studies, and a forward search of citations of included studies. We included intervention studies designed to increase recruitment and/or retention of adult, ethnic/racial minority blood donors in developed countries. .e review identified eight studies reported in nine publications. Six were conducted in the USA with African Americans. Four studies reported on multifaceted, community-based interventions; three reported on one-off information and educational video interventions, presented face-to-face, or delivered via post or e-mail. .e level of evidence for efficacy was low, and the majority of studies were assessed as having some risk of bias related to one or more methodological issues. All eight studies reported positive outcomes in blood donation and/or intention to donate. Seven trials found that the intervention increased presentation for donation, and three found an increase in the percentage of new donors from the ethnic minority targeted. .e review findings demonstrate that it is possible to design and implement effective interventions to motivate individuals from ethnic/racial minority groups to donate blood. One-off interventions may be as effective as multifaceted, community-based interventions. .ere was insufficient evidence to recommend particular interventions, and future research should empirically assess alternative interventions using robust study designs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:blood donors, ethnic groups, minority groups, systematic review, interventions
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Social and Community Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Health Related to Specific Ethnic Groups
UTAS Author:Makin, JK (Ms Jen Makin)
ID Code:131982
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-04-16
Last Modified:2019-05-01
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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