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Effect of residue management and fertiliser application on the productivity of a Eucalyptus hybrid and Acacia mangium planted on sloping terrain in northern Vietnam


Van Bich, N and Mendham, D and Evans, KJ and Dong, TL and Hai, VD and Van Thanh, H and Mohammed, CL, Effect of residue management and fertiliser application on the productivity of a Eucalyptus hybrid and Acacia mangium planted on sloping terrain in northern Vietnam, Southern Forests, 81, (3) pp. 201-212. ISSN 2070-2620 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2019 NISC (Pty) Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.2989/20702620.2018.1555940


Forest plantation growers in Vietnam commonly burn residues after harvesting and often apply suboptimal amounts of nutrients during plantation establishment. We examined whether the retention of forest residue, and application of phosphorus fertiliser at higher rates, can increase rates of growth. A factorial combination of residue management (burning vs retention) and phosphorus fertiliser application at planting (15 vs 100 kg ha-1) treatments were applied at a steeply sloping site in northern Vietnam. Two adjacent experiments were established, one with Acacia mangium and the other with a Eucalyptus hybrid (Eucalyptus urophylla Eucalyptus pellita). Standing volume and leaf area index in A. mangium were greater following burning; this was mostly attributable to the significantly higher survival rate of seedlings. Burning of residues was associated with increases in the number of large branches per tree, and a higher crown damage index (CDI). In the Eucalyptus hybrid, diameter and height responses to the higher rate of fertiliser were observed at age 6 and 12 months, but not beyond. High phosphorus application also led to higher CDI. Standard fertiliser treatment, applied in amounts equivalent to 17, 15 and 8 kg ha-1 of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, respectively, was adequate to meet the early growth requirement of eucalypt and acacia plantations at this site. The relatively low amounts of harvest residue and high fertility levels at the site may have masked more significant responses of trees to the silvicultural treatments applied in this study. On steep slopes, especially if soil is poorly fertile, harvest residue retention with adequate weed and termite control may be preferential to burning as it is closely correlated with reducing factors that negatively impact productivity, i.e. water run-off and soil erosion.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:branch size, burning harvest residue, crown damage index, phosphorus application, slope position, tropical plantation, acacia, eucalyptus management, fertiliser
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Forestry sciences
Research Field:Forestry biomass and bioproducts
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood plantations
UTAS Author:Van Bich, N (Mr Van Nguyen)
UTAS Author:Mendham, D (Mr Daniel Mendham)
UTAS Author:Evans, KJ (Associate Professor Katherine Evans)
UTAS Author:Mohammed, CL (Professor Caroline Mohammed)
ID Code:131971
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2019-04-15
Last Modified:2020-03-31

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