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Effect of stubble-height management on crown temperature of perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and chicory

Citation

Langworthy, AD and Rawnsley, RP and Freeman, MJ and Corkrey, R and Harrison, MT and Pembleton, KG and Lane, PA and Henry, DA, Effect of stubble-height management on crown temperature of perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and chicory, Crop and Pasture Science, 70, (2) pp. 183-194. ISSN 1836-0947 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright the author(s) 2019

DOI: doi:10.1071/CP18313

Abstract

Defoliating pasture to shorter stubble heights (height above the soil surface) may increase temperature at the plant crown (plant–soil interface). This is especially relevant to summer C3 pasture production in parts of south-eastern Australia, where above-optimal ambient temperatures (≥30°C) are often recorded. A rainfed field experiment in north-west Tasmania, Australia, quantified the effect of stubble-height management on the upper distribution of crown temperatures (90th and 75th percentiles) experienced by three pasture species: perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.), tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.; syn. Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Dumort.; syn. L. arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh.), and chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). Three stubble-height treatment levels were evaluated: 35, 55 and 115 mm. Defoliation to shorter stubble heights (35 or 55 mm cf. 115 mm) increased the crown temperature of all species in the subsequent regrowth cycle (period between successive defoliation events). In the second summer, defoliating to shorter stubble heights increased the 90th percentile of crown temperature by an average of 4.2°C for perennial ryegrass, 3.6°C for tall fescue and 1.8°C for chicory. Chicory and second-year tall fescue swards experienced less-extreme crown temperatures than perennial ryegrass. This may partly explain why these two species often outyield perennial ryegrass in hotter summer environments than north-west Tasmania, and hence the increasing interest in their use.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:defoliation severity, grazing intensity, grazing management, leaf area index, mechanical defoliation, residual height
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Agronomy
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
UTAS Author:Langworthy, AD (Mr Adam Langworthy)
UTAS Author:Rawnsley, RP (Dr Richard Rawnsley)
UTAS Author:Freeman, MJ (Mr Mark Freeman)
UTAS Author:Corkrey, R (Dr Ross Corkrey)
UTAS Author:Harrison, MT (Dr Matthew Harrison)
UTAS Author:Lane, PA (Associate Professor Peter Lane)
ID Code:131862
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2019-04-10
Last Modified:2019-05-06
Downloads:0

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