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Optogenetic approaches to vision restoration

Citation

Simunovic, MP and Shen, W and Lin, JY and Protti, DA and Lisowski, L and Gillies, MC, Optogenetic approaches to vision restoration, Experimental Eye Research, 178 pp. 15-26. ISSN 0014-4835 (2019) [Substantial Review]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.exer.2018.09.003

Abstract

Inherited retinal disease (IRD) affects about 1 in 3000 to 1 in 5000 individuals and is now believed to be the most common cause of blindness registration in developed countries. Until recently, the management of such conditions had been exclusively supportive. However, advances in molecular biology and medical engineering have now seen the rise of a variety of approaches to restore vision in patients with IRDs. Optogenetic approaches are primarily aimed at rendering secondary and tertiary neurons of the retina light-sensitive in order to replace degenerate or dysfunctional photoreceptors. Such approaches are attractive because they provide a "causative gene-independent" strategy, which may prove suitable for a variety of patients with IRD. We discuss theoretical and practical considerations in the selection of optogenetic molecules, vectors, surgical approaches and review previous trials of optogenetics for vision restoration. Optogenetic approaches to vision restoration have yielded promising results in pre-clinical trials and a phase I/II clinical trial is currently underway (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02556736). Despite the significant inroads made in recent years, the ideal optogenetic molecule, vector and surgical approach have yet to be established.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:Gene therapy; Inherited retinal disease; Optogenetics; Retinitis pigmentosa; Vision restoration
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Sensory systems
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Lin, JY (Dr John Lin)
ID Code:131837
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:National Health and Medical Research Council (1103034)
Web of Science® Times Cited:37
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2019-04-08
Last Modified:2019-04-11
Downloads:0

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