eCite Digital Repository

Agricultural science, forestry and soil conservation during World War I and the interwar period


Darian-Smith, K and Dickenson, J, Agricultural science, forestry and soil conservation during World War I and the interwar period, The First World War, the Universities and the Professions in Australia 1914-1939, Melbourne University Press, K Darian-Smith and J Waghorne (ed), Melbourne, Australia, pp. 179-197. ISBN 9780522872903 (2019) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Kate Darian-Smith and James Waghorne

Official URL:


Although Indigenous Australians had managed and farmed the continent for at least sixty thousand years, European colonisers who relied upon 'old world' knowledges of agricultural production found Australia's climatic and environmental conditions to be challenging. The cultivation of crops and the 'opening' of land for stock grazing formed the basis of colonial and national economies from settlement until well into the twentieth century, with the export of wool, meat and wheat of particular significance. Agricultural experimentation to improve yield and secure food for the colonial population was imperative from the time of settlement; the development of the merino sheep industry by pastoralist John Macarthur in the early 1800s is one legendary example of such innovation. Based on British models, agricultural societies were formed in the 1820s to foster the exchange of agricultural knowledge, and organised demonstration ploughing matches and experimental farms.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:professions, history of research, Australian history, World War 1, specialisation
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Historical studies
Research Field:Australian history
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Understanding past societies
Objective Field:Understanding Australia's past
UTAS Author:Darian-Smith, K (Professor Kate Darian-Smith)
ID Code:131631
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Office of the School of Humanities
Deposited On:2019-03-28
Last Modified:2020-01-29

Repository Staff Only: item control page