eCite Digital Repository

Investigation into application of environmental contours for analysis of floating systems


Armstrong, C and Waterhouse, A and Chin, C and Drobyshevski, Y, Investigation into application of environmental contours for analysis of floating systems, Proceedings of the Thirteenth (2018) ISOPE Pacific-Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium, 14-17 October 2018, Jeju Island, Korea, pp. 470-477. ISBN 9781880653869 (2018) [Refereed Conference Paper]

PDF (FInal version)
Restricted - Request a copy

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

Official URL:


Environmental contours are used to analyze extreme combinations of the metocean of response variables in the design of structures. Several methods exist for their generation and each uses a different mathematical model which results in different statistical meanings. This study compares the exceedance contour method, a non-standard approach, to the established Constant Probability Density (CPD) and Inverse First Order Reliability Method (IFORM) approaches to construct contours of extreme sea-states. Contour of extreme sea states are presented for three locations which show that the exceedance method generally produces narrower contours compared to the CPD and IFORM contours. Three offshore systems were considered: heave response of semi-submersible, wave induced bending moment of a ship shaped vessel and flexible riser supported by an FPSO. These studies showed that for the concave shapes of the metocean probability density (PDF) isolines the exceedance contour predicts lower maximum responses than the CPD and IFORM. For the convex PDF isolines, this is not always the case. The differences in the predicted extreme responses are further dependent on whether the response is more sensitive to shorter or longer periods. Strengths and limitations of the application of the environmental contours to offshore systems coupled to floating structures are presented. The assumption that risers or other coupled systems' design responses occur simultaneously with the design responses of the floating structure is critically reviewed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:Environmental Contour Lines; IFORM; Constant Probability Density; Exceedance Contours; Floating Systems; Flexible Riser Responses
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Ocean engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Armstrong, C (Mr Curtis Armstrong)
UTAS Author:Waterhouse, A (Mr Alexander Waterhouse)
UTAS Author:Chin, C (Dr Chris Chin)
ID Code:131620
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2019-03-27
Last Modified:2019-11-07

Repository Staff Only: item control page