Ognjenovic, M and Ambrosini, GL and Malacova, E and Doherty, DA and Oddy, WH and Handelsman, DJ and McLachlan, R and Dickinson, J and Hart, RJ, Associations between major dietary patterns and testicular function in a population-based cohort of young men: results from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, Andrology, 7, (3) pp. 273-280. ISSN 2047-2919 (2019) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2019 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology
Objective: To study associations between major dietary patterns and markers of testicular function in adulthood.
Material and Methods: Observational cross-sectional study of two hundred and ninety men with an average age of 20 years, from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Usual dietary intake assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire at 20 years of age. Two dietary patterns previously identified using exploratory factor analysis ("Healthy" or "Western") and participants received z-scores for each dietary pattern. Primary endpoints were testicular volume, total sperm per ejaculate, morning serum testosterone concentration. Secondary endpoints were semen sample parameters, inhibin B and sex steroids (DHT: 3α-diol, 3β-diol; LH; FSH; DHEA; estradiol; estrone).
Result(s): Participants were on average 20.0 ± 0.4 years old, had a median of 2 days sexual abstinence and a body mass index of 24.1 ± 3.9 kg/m2 , 13% were smokers, 52% were 'moderate' alcohol drinkers, 23% frequently used recreational drugs and 68% reported 'high' physical activity levels. Sperm concentration and DHT 3α-diol were negatively associated with a greater z-score for the "Western" dietary pattern (p = 0.007 and; p = 0.044, respectively), and serum estradiol concentration was positively associated with a "Western" dietary pattern (p = 0.007) after adjustment for BMI, varicocele, cryptorchidism and sexual abstinence.
Discussion: Despite associations between greater intake of the "Western" dietary pattern and a decreased male reproductive health markers, our lack of consistent associations of either a "Healthy" or a "Western" dietary pattern, limit clinical or biological significance in isolation.
Conclusions: A potential negative association of a "Western" dietary pattern with male reproductive health was detected and should be studied further in population-based studies.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Raine study, diet, reproductive hormones, semen analysis, sperm concentration|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and Dietetics|
|Research Field:||Public Nutrition Intervention|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|UTAS Author:||Oddy, WH (Professor Wendy Oddy)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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