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Measuring Future Time Perspective Across Adulthood: Development and Evaluation of a Brief Multidimensional Questionnaire


Brothers, A and Chui, H and Diehl, M, Measuring Future Time Perspective Across Adulthood: Development and Evaluation of a Brief Multidimensional Questionnaire, The Gerontologist, 54, (6) pp. 1075-1088. ISSN 0016-9013 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1093/geront/gnu076


strong>Purpose of the Study: Despite calls for the consideration of future time perspective (FTP) as a multidimensional construct, mostly unidimensional measurement instruments have been used. This study had two objectives: (a) to develop a brief multidimensional questionnaire for assessing FTP in adulthood and evaluate its psychometric properties; and (b) to examine age associations and age-group differences of the dimensions of FTP.

strong>Design and Methods: Data were collected from 625 community-residing adults between the ages of 18 and 93, representing young, middle-aged, and older adults. The psychometric evaluation involved exploratory factor analyses (EFA) and confirmatory FA (CFA), reliability and validity analyses, and measurement invariance testing. Zeroorder and partial correlations were used to examine the association of the dimensions of FTP with age, and multivariate analysis of variance was used to examine age-group differences.

strong>Results: EFA and CFA supported a three-factor solution: Future as Open, Future as Limited, and Future as Ambiguous. Metric measurement invariance for this factor structure was confirmed across the three age groups. Reliability and validity analyses provided evidence of sound psychometric properties of the brief questionnaire. Age was negatively associated with Future as Open and positively associated with Future as Limited. Young adults exhibited significantly greater ambiguity toward the future than middle-aged or older adults.

strong>Implications: This study provides evidence in support of the psychometric properties of a new brief multidimensional FTP scale. It also provides evidence for a pattern of age associations and age-group differences consistent with life-span developmental theory.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Future time perspective, age differences
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Psychology of ageing
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Health related to ageing
UTAS Author:Chui, H (Dr Helena Chui)
ID Code:131570
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:37
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-03-22
Last Modified:2019-07-30

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