eCite Digital Repository

The role of intergenerational educational mobility and household wealth in adult obesity: evidence from wave 2 of the World Health Organization's study on global ageing and adult health

Citation

Lartey, ST and Magnussen, CG and Si, L and de Graaff, B and Biritwum, RB and Mensah, G and Yawson, A and Minicuci, N and Kowal, P and Boateng, GO and Palmer, AJ, The role of intergenerational educational mobility and household wealth in adult obesity: evidence from wave 2 of the World Health Organization's study on global ageing and adult health, PLoS ONE, 14, (1) Article e0208491. ISSN 1932-6203 (2019) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
736Kb
  

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Lartey et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0208491

Abstract

Background: Obesity has emerged as a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases in low and middle-income countries but may not follow typical socioeconomic status (SES)-related gradients seen in higher income countries. This study examines the associations between current and lifetime markers of SES and BMI categories (underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese) and central adiposity in Ghanaian adults.

Methods: Data from 4,464 adults (2,610 women) who participated in the World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) Wave 2 were examined. Multilevel multinomial and binomial logistic regression models were used to examine associations. SES markers included parental education, individual education, intergenerational educational mobility and household wealth. Intergenerational educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parental and low individual education), stable-high (high parental and high individual education), upwardly (low parental and high individual education), or downwardly mobile (high parental and low individual education).

Results: The prevalence of obesity (12.9%) exceeded the prevalence of underweight (7.2%) in the population. High parental and individual education were significantly associated with higher odds of obesity and central adiposity in women. Compared to the stable low pattern, stable high (obesity: OR = 3.15; 95% CI: 1.96, 5.05; central adiposity: OR = 1.75; 95% CI: 1.03, 2.98) and upwardly (obesity: OR = 1.71; 95% CI: 11.13, 2.60; central adiposity: OR = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.08, 2.37) mobile education patterns were associated with higher odds of obesity and central adiposity in women, while stable high pattern was associated with higher odds of overweight (OR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.11, 3.19) in men. Additionally, high compared to the lowest household wealth was associated with high odds of obesity and central adiposity in both sexes.

Conclusion: Stable high and upwardly mobile education patterns are associated with higher odds of obesity and central adiposity in women while the stable high pattern was associated with higher odds of overweight in men.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
UTAS Author:Lartey, ST (Mrs Stella Lartey)
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Dr Costan Magnussen)
UTAS Author:Si, L (Mr Lei Si)
UTAS Author:de Graaff, B (Ms Barbara de Graaff)
UTAS Author:Palmer, AJ (Professor Andrew Palmer)
ID Code:131530
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-03-21
Last Modified:2019-04-17
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page