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Turnover of southern cypresses in the post-Gondwanan world: extinction, transoceanic dispersal, adaptation and rediversification


Crisp, MD and Cook, LG and Bowman, DMJS and Cosgrove, M and Isagi, Y and Sakaguchi, S, Turnover of southern cypresses in the post-Gondwanan world: extinction, transoceanic dispersal, adaptation and rediversification, New Phytologist, 221, (4) pp. 2308-2319. ISSN 0028-646X (2019) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1111/nph.15561


  • Cupressaceae subfamily Callitroideae has been an important exemplar for vicariance biogeography, but its history is more than just disjunctions resulting from continental drift. We combine fossil and molecular data to better assess its extinction and, sometimes, rediversification after past global change.
  • Key fossils were reassessed and their phylogenetic placement for calibration was determined using trait mapping and Bayes Factors. Five vicariance hypotheses were tested by comparing molecular divergence times with the timing of tectonic rifting. The role of adaptation to fire (serotiny) in its spread across a drying Australia was tested for Callitris.
  • Our findings suggest that three transoceanic disjunctions within the Callitroideae probably arose from long‐distance dispersal. A signature of extinction, centred on the end‐Eocene global climatic chilling and drying, is evident in lineages‐through‐time plots and in the fossil record. Callitris, the most diverse extant callitroid genus, suffered extinctions but surviving lineages adapted and re‐radiated into dry, fire‐prone biomes that expanded in the Neogene. Serotiny, a key adaptation to fire, likely evolved in Callitris coincident with the biome shift.
  • Both extinction and adaptive shifts have probably played major roles in this chronicle of turnover and renewal, but better understanding of biogeographical history requires improved taxonomy of fossils.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:biome shift, Callitris, conifers, extinction, fossils, long-distance dispersal, serotiny, vicariance
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Palaeoecology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Bowman, DMJS (Professor David Bowman)
ID Code:131504
Year Published:2019 (online first 2018)
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2019-03-20
Last Modified:2020-08-07
Downloads:27 View Download Statistics

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