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Overview of energy storage systems in distribution networks: Placement, sizing, operation, and power quality


Das, CK and Bass, O and Kothapalli, G and Mahmoud, TS and Habibi, D, Overview of energy storage systems in distribution networks: Placement, sizing, operation, and power quality, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 91 pp. 1205-1230. ISSN 1364-0321 (2018) [Refereed Article]

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2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.068


The deployment of energy storage systems (ESSs) is a significant avenue for maximising the energy efficiency of a distribution network, and overall network performance can be enhanced by their optimal placement, sizing, and operation. An optimally sized and placed ESS can facilitate peak energy demand fulfilment, enhance the benefits from the integration of renewables and distributed energy sources, aid power quality management, and reduce distribution network expansion costs. This paper provides an overview of optimal ESS placement, sizing, and operation. It considers a range of grid scenarios, targeted performance objectives, applied strategies, ESS types, and advantages and limitations of the proposed systems and approaches. While batteries are widely used as ESSs in various applications, the detailed comparative analysis of ESS technical characteristics suggests that flywheel energy storage (FES) also warrants consideration in some distribution network scenarios. This research provides recommendations for related requirements or procedures, appropriate ESS selection, smart ESS charging and discharging, ESS sizing, placement and operation, and power quality issues. Furthermore, this study identifies future research opportunities in relation to challenges for optimal ESS placement planning, development and implementation issues, optimisation techniques, social impacts, and energy security.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Energy storage systems, Power quality, Energy storage system allocation, Energy storage system sizing, Energy storage system operation, Hybrid meta-heuristic optimisation, Energy security
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Electrical engineering
Research Field:Electrical energy generation (incl. renewables, excl. photovoltaics)
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Energy storage, distribution and supply
Objective Field:Energy storage (excl. hydrogen and batteries)
UTAS Author:Mahmoud, TS (Dr Thair Mahmoud)
ID Code:131483
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:212
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2019-03-19
Last Modified:2019-04-10
Downloads:34 View Download Statistics

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