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Improving coping styles in family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients using planned behavior problem-solving training

Citation

Abedi, Z and Alavi, M and Ghazavi, Z and Visentin, D and Cleary, M, Improving coping styles in family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients using planned behavior problem-solving training, Journal of Nursing Research pp. 1-7. ISSN 1682-3141 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2019 Taiwan Nurses Association

DOI: doi:10.1097/jnr.0000000000000320

Abstract

Background: The consequences and high costs of psychiatric disorders impact family caregivers greatly. Health services should identify and provide accessible support programs to facilitate effective caregiver coping.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a theory-of-planned-behavior-based problem-solving training program on the coping styles of family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients.

Methods: In this two-group, randomized control trial, 72 family caregivers were randomly assigned to either a control group receiving standard care or an intervention group receiving a training program (eight sessions over 4 weeks). Demographic information was recorded at baseline, and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations was administered to both groups at baseline, immediately postintervention, and 1-month follow-up.

Results: Immediately after the intervention, the intervention group earned significantly higher task-oriented coping style scores (mean difference = 5.03, p = .015) than the control group, but no significant difference was detected between the two groups for either emotion- or avoidance-oriented coping style scores. At 1-month follow-up, the intervention group earned significantly higher scores than the control group for task-oriented (mean difference = 8.56, p < .001) and emotion-oriented (mean difference = 7.14, p = .002) coping styles. No improvement in avoidance-oriented coping style at the postintervention or follow-up time points was detected.

Conclusions: Implementation by nurses and other health professionals of problem-solving training programs that are based on the theory of planned behavior is recommended to strengthen the use of task- and emotion-oriented approaches that help family caregivers of psychiatric patients better cope with stress.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:mental disorders, family carers, problem solving, planned behavior, coping styles
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Nursing
Research Field:Mental Health Nursing
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Mental Health Services
UTAS Author:Visentin, D (Dr Denis Visentin)
UTAS Author:Cleary, M (Professor Michelle Cleary)
ID Code:131381
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2019-03-15
Last Modified:2019-04-29
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