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Perceived stress is inversely related to ideal cardiovascular health: The Paris Prospective Study III

Citation

Poirat, L and Gaye, B and Perier, MC and Thomas, F and Guibout, C and Climie, RE and Offredo, L and Tafflet, M and Lemogne, C and Pannier, B and Boutouyrie, P and Jouven, X and Empana, JP, Perceived stress is inversely related to ideal cardiovascular health: The Paris Prospective Study III, International Journal of Cardiology, 270 pp. 312-318. ISSN 0167-5273 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.06.040

Abstract

Background: We hypothesized that subjects with a high level of perceived stress would be less likely to have ideal cardiovascular health (CVH).

Methods: CVH was estimated using the 7-item tool developed by the American Heart Association. Perceived stress was measured using the validated 4-item Perceived Stress Scale at baseline and after 4 years of follow-up. Linear and polytomous logistic regression analysis were conducted.

Results: 8914 volunteers (38% women) free from a history of cardiovascular disease and aged 50 to 75 were recruited in the framework of The Paris Prospective Study III between 2008 and 2012. At baseline, higher perceived stress was associated with lower global CVH score (regression coefficient of highest vs. lowest quartile of perceived stress: β: −0.20, p < 0.001). Perceived stress was associated only with the behavioral CVH score (smoking, physical activity, diet, body mass index) but not the health CVH score (fasting glycemia, total cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking). On the other hand, higher global CVH score at baseline was associated with lower level of perceived stress (OR for being in the highest vs. the lowest quartile of perceived stress per unit increase in the CVH score: 0.95; CI 95%: 0.93; 0.98). Again, the association only existed for the behavioral CVH score. Finally, baseline behavioral CVH score was inversely associated with perceived stress at 4 years, even after adjustment for perceived stress measured at baseline (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Our study demonstrates a clear association between higher perceived stress and lower CVH, in particular behavioral CVH, which has implications for CVD prevention.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:perceived stress, cardiovascular health, primordial prevention, depression, deprivation
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
UTAS Author:Climie, RE (Miss Rachel Climie)
ID Code:131356
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2019-03-14
Last Modified:2019-05-13
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