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Scrapping ritual: Iron Age metal recycling at the site of Saruq al-Hadid (U.A.E.)


Stepanov, I and Weeks, L and Franke, K and Rodemann, T and Salvemini, F and Cable, C and Al Ali, Y and Radwan, MB and Zein, H and Grave, P, Scrapping ritual: Iron Age metal recycling at the site of Saruq al-Hadid (U.A.E.), Journal of Archaeological Science, 101 pp. 72-88. ISSN 0305-4403 (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jas.2018.11.003


This paper presents an integrated approach to the identification of complex re-processing operations of ancient ferrous artefacts from the multi-period site of Saruq al-Hadid, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Spatial and morphological studies and a range of archaeometric analyses optical microscopy, X-Ray diffraction, Micro-Raman spectroscopy, neutron tomography are used to identify various processing markers preserved in these heavily corroded objects and to distinguish two groups of differently processed fragments. The main analytical focus is the investigation of corrosion layers preserving traces of hot oxidation and forging of metallic iron, along with re-heating of previously formed rust layers. The collected evidence suggests that the numerous iron artefacts ritually deposited of at the site in the early Iron Age were subsequently retrieved and re-forged into semi-products as a part of larger scheme of recycling operations, in which Saruq al-Hadid was a first node.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:corroded iron, recycling, hot oxidation, Micro-Raman, southeastern Arabia, ritual
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Archaeology
Research Field:Archaeological science
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Understanding past societies
Objective Field:Understanding Africa's past
UTAS Author:Rodemann, T (Dr Thomas Rodemann)
ID Code:131330
Year Published:2019
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Central Science Laboratory
Deposited On:2019-03-13
Last Modified:2022-08-23

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