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Genetics governing the differential response to boscalid of Microsphaeropsis tanaceti and Stagonosporopsis tanaceti

Citation

Scott, J and Pearce, T and Pilkington, S and Hay, F, Genetics governing the differential response to boscalid of Microsphaeropsis tanaceti and Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, Proceedings of the 2015 American Phytopathological Society Annual meeting, 1-5 August 2015, Pasadena, California, pp. S4.125. ISSN 0031-949X (2015) [Conference Extract]

Official URL: http://www.apsnet.org/meetings/Documents/2015_meet...

DOI: doi:10.1094/PHYTO-105-11-S4.1

Abstract

Microsphaeropsis tanaceti, the cause of tan spot disease of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineariifolium), is an emerging pathogen in Australian crops. Through its emergence, it has displaced Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, the cause of ray blight disease, as the dominant pathogen during the spring growing period. Screening of the fungicide response of these pathogen populations indicated that M. tanaceti has developed levels of resistance to the fungicide boscalid, while S. tanaceti has maintained susceptibility. This is despite both species being exposed to boscalid over an equal time period. Characterisation of the succinate dehydrogenase (Sdh) gene complex was conducted to examine the basis for the response profiles of the two species. Point mutations at codon 277 of the ShdB gene were evident in the majority of boscalid-resistant M. tanaceti individuals. These mutations change the amino acid from histidine (susceptible) to arginine or tyrosine (resistant) in the resultant protein. Additionally, a smaller proportion of boscalid-resistant individuals had mutations resulting in amino acid translation changes at one of three codons in the ShdC, or at one codon in the ShdD gene. Mutations in the Shd gene complex corresponding with fungicide resistance were absent in the S. tanaceti individuals sequenced.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:pyrethrum, fungicide resistance, Didymella tanaceti, tan spot
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Crop and Pasture Production
Research Field:Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Industrial Crops
Objective Field:Plant Extract Crops (e.g. Pyrethrum, Jojoba)
UTAS Author:Scott, J (Dr Jason Scott)
UTAS Author:Pearce, T (Dr Tamieka Pearce)
UTAS Author:Pilkington, S (Mrs Stacey Pilkington)
UTAS Author:Hay, F (Dr Frank Hay)
ID Code:131309
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2019-03-12
Last Modified:2019-03-19
Downloads:0

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