Wu, F and Juonala, M and Pahkala, K and Buscot, M-J and Sabin, MA and Pitkanen, N and Ronnemaa, T and Jula, A and Lehtimaki, T and Hutri-Kahonen, N and Kahonen, M and Laitinen, T and Viikari, JSA and Raitakari, OT and Magnussen, CG, Youth and long-term dietary calcium intake with risk of impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes in adulthood, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 104, (6) pp. 2067-2074. ISSN 0021-972X (2019) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2019 Endocrine Society
Objectives: To examine whether youth and long-term (between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake is associated with adult impaired glucose metabolism and T2D.
Design, Setting, and Participants: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) is a 31-year prospective cohort study (n=1134, aged 3-18 years at baseline).
Exposures: Dietary calcium intake was assessed at baseline (1980) and adult follow-ups (2001, 2007 and 2011). Long-term (mean between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake was calculated.
Main outcome measures: Adult impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and T2D.
Results: We found no evidence for non-linear associations between calcium intake with IFG or T2D among females and males (all P for non-linearity > 0.05). Higher youth and long-term dietary calcium intake was not associated with the risk of IFG or T2D among females or males after adjustment for confounders including youth and adult BMI.
Conclusions: Youth or long-term dietary calcium intake is not associated with adult risk of developing impaired glucose metabolism or T2D.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Field:||Epidemiology not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Wu, F (Dr Feitong Wu)|
|UTAS Author:||Buscot, M-J (Dr Marie-Jeanne Buscot)|
|UTAS Author:||Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||5|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
|Downloads:||29 View Download Statistics|
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