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Exploring the effects of reductions in krill biomass in the Southern Ocean on blue whales using a state-dependent foraging model

Citation

Wiedenmann, J and Cresswell, KA and Goldbogen, J and Potvin, J and Mangel, M, Exploring the effects of reductions in krill biomass in the Southern Ocean on blue whales using a state-dependent foraging model, Ecological Modelling, 222, (18) pp. 3366-3379. ISSN 0304-3800 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.07.013

Abstract

Many species of baleen whales were hunted to near extinction in the Southern Hemisphere. The recovery of these populations will be affected by the availability of krill, a major dietary component, in the Southern Ocean. We combine a novel energetics model for baleen whales with a state dependent foraging model to explore the impacts of an expanding krill fishery on baleen whales. We parameterize the model for blue whales, but with simple modifications it could be applied to most baleen whales. We predict that an expanding fishery will have a small but significant impact on the blue whale population through decreased birth rates. However, spreading the catch limit throughout the range of krill can reduce these effects. In addition, whales may be able to reduce these impacts through adaptive changes in foraging behavior. The relationship between krill abundance and blue whale foraging and reproductive success is nonlinear, such that larger reductions in krill biomass, potentially following a loss of sea ice due to climate change, could have a much larger negative impact on the recovery of blue whales.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Euphausia superba, whales, foraging, state-dependent model
Research Division:Mathematical Sciences
Research Group:Applied mathematics
Research Field:Biological mathematics
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Biodiversity in Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
UTAS Author:Cresswell, KA (Dr Katie Cresswell)
ID Code:131160
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2019-03-05
Last Modified:2019-04-18
Downloads:0

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