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Equally Flexible and Optimal Response Bias in Older Compared to Younger Adults

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Garton, R and Reynolds, AR and Hinder, MR and Heathcote, A, Equally Flexible and Optimal Response Bias in Older Compared to Younger Adults, Psychology and Aging ISSN 0882-7974 (In Press) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pag0000339

Official URL: https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/pag/

DOI: doi:10.1037/pag0000339

Abstract

Base-rate neglect is a failure to sufficiently bias decisions toward a priori more likely options. Given cognitive and neurocognitive model-based evidence indicating that, in speeded choice tasks, (1) age-related slowing is associated with higher and less flexible overall evidence thresholds (response caution) and (2) gains in speed and accuracy in relation to base-rate bias require flexible control of choice-specific evidence thresholds (response bias), it was hypothesised that base-rate neglect might increase with age due to compromised flexibility of response bias. We administered a computer-based perceptual discrimination task to 20 healthy older (6378 years) and 20 younger (1828 years) adults where base-rate direction was either variable or constant over trials and so required more or less flexible bias control. Using an evidence accumulation model of response times and accuracy (specifically, the Linear Ballistic Accumulator model; Brown & Heathcote, 2008), age-related slowing was attributable to higher response caution, and gains in speed and accuracy per base-rate bias were attributable to response bias. Both age groups were less biased than required to achieve optimal accuracy, and more so when base-rate direction changed frequently. However, bias was closer to optimal among older than younger participants, especially when base-rate direction was constant. We conclude that older participants performed better than younger participants because of their greater emphasis on accuracy, and that, by making greater absolute and equivalent relative adjustments of evidence thresholds in relation to base-rate bias, flexibility of bias control is at most only slightly compromised with age.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:decision-making, healthy ageing, biasing choices
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Cognitive Sciences
Research Field:Decision Making
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
UTAS Author:Garton, R (Mr Roderick Garton)
UTAS Author:Reynolds, AR (Mr Angus Reynolds)
UTAS Author:Hinder, MR (Dr Mark Hinder)
UTAS Author:Heathcote, A (Professor Andrew Heathcote)
ID Code:130874
Year Published:In Press
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT150100406)
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-02-18
Last Modified:2019-03-08
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