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The complexity of neuroinflammation consequent to traumatic brain injury: from research evidence to potential treatments

Citation

Morganti-Kossmann, MC and Semple, BD and Hellewell, SC and Bye, N and Ziebell, JM, The complexity of neuroinflammation consequent to traumatic brain injury: from research evidence to potential treatments, Acta Neuropathologica pp. 1-25. ISSN 0001-6322 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00401-018-1944-6

Abstract

This review recounts the definitions and research evidence supporting the multifaceted roles of neuroinflammation in the injured brain following trauma. We summarise the literature fluctuating from the protective and detrimental properties that cytokines, leukocytes and glial cells play in the acute and chronic stages of TBI, including the intrinsic factors that influence cytokine responses and microglial functions relative to genetics, sex, and age. We elaborate on the pros and cons that cytokines, chemokines, and microglia play in brain repair, specifically neurogenesis, and how such conflicting roles may be harnessed therapeutically to sustain the survival of new neurons. With a brief review of the clinical and experimental findings demonstrating early and chronic inflammation impacts on outcomes, we focus on the clinical conditions that may be amplified by neuroinflammation, ranging from acute seizures to chronic epilepsy, neuroendocrine dysfunction, dementia, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Finally, we provide an overview of the therapeutic agents that have been tested to reduce inflammation-driven secondary pathological cascades and speculate the future promise of alternative drugs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:traumatic brain injury, microglia, inflammation, astrocytes
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurosciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
UTAS Author:Bye, N (Dr Nicole Bye)
UTAS Author:Ziebell, JM (Dr Jenna Ziebell)
ID Code:130836
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2019-02-15
Last Modified:2019-04-01
Downloads:0

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